Difference Between Authorized Capital and Issued Capital


Difference Between Authorized Capital and Issued Capital



Difference Between Authorized Capital and Issued Capital

There are two types of stock: authorized and issued. 

Authorized capital is the amount of stock a company has the right to issue. It’s also referred to as “authorized shares” or a “capitalization.”


Issued capital refers to how many shares have been sold by a company, whether they were sold through an initial public offering (IPO) or secondary markets like the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).



Authorized capital and issued capital are used in financial statements to report information about a firm’s ownership structure. These terms are defined by GAAP and IFRS, which require that all publicly traded firms disclose their equity structure.


What is or definition of Share  Capital?


The definition of share capital is a measure of a company’s paid-up share capital. Share capital is a common form of financing. A company could use share capital to buy a new factory or a computer system.


Definition of Authorized Capital


Some companies have different capital definitions such as authorized, stated, and subscribed. Understanding the difference between these can help when reading financial statements or other company-specific literature that uses these definitions.


Authorized capital is the maximum number of securities that a company’s memorandum and articles of association allow it to issue.



– When a company wishes to increase its authorized capital, in the past it would petition the government in their country for an amendment to its securities laws in order to make the change in its legislation.


– For many companies in the past, there was no direct need for the legislation because the legislation was not permitted in their country.


Authorized capital is the total amount of shares a company can issue. It’s typically determined by a company’s shareholders and often set in the company’s charter.


 The number of authorized shares impacts how much capital an investor can contribute to a company. In most cases, an investor will be able to purchase all of the authorized shares, but it’s not always possible.


When companies use financing rounds to raise more money from investors, they typically increase their authorized capital to accommodate new investors. This is one of the reasons why startups tend to have a high authorized capital!



You should also consider the structure of your business and what kind of capital you want to raise. When you are starting out with a new business, there are two basic types of capital that you will need to raise: authorized capital and issued capital.



Authorized capital is the amount of capital that a company is allowed to raise, whereas issued capital is the amount of capital that a company has actually raised.


Definition of Issued Capital?


The amount of money contributed to a company by the owners, is typically divided up into shares, which are sold to investors in order to raise cash. 


What is included in issued capital?


Issued capital is classified as being either share capital or contributed capital. This classification determines which shares are entitled to vote or receive dividends.


So, contributed capital is the money the investors have contributed to the company.



Contributed capital


Contributed capital is money contributed by investors. It can also be called “investor’s equity.”


Contributed capital is the money an organization has received or will receive from investors. It can also be called “investor’s equity.”


Shared capital


A company’s share capital is the number of shares that are not considered contributed capital. Share capital refers to the money that has been invested by shareholders for equity in the company.



What is not included in issued capital?


According to FSB, there are three sorts of lawful capital: paid-up capital, share premium, and retained earnings. Presently, we will explain what is excluded from issued capital.


Paid-up capital consists of the share capital which was paid in full by the company’s proprietor, by shareholders or by one or more other companies. It cannot be increased or reduced without the consent of the shareholders.


Share premium consists of the difference between the cash consideration given by the company in return for its shares and their par value. Its amount cannot be altered without the consent of the shareholders.


Retained earnings are income that is not distributed in dividends to shareholders during a particular period.


Key Differences Between Authorized Capital and Issued Capital


There are many differences between authorized capital and issued capital. One significant difference is that authorized capital includes the share capital that is issued but not yet issued to the stockholder.


 Issued capital is issued to the stockholder. Another significant difference is that share capital can be issued to stockholders at different prices, including the par value. 


Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)


Who decides how much-authorized capital is needed?

The number of authorized shares is decided by the owner of the company, the board can’t make changes to this.


How do you know what percent the authorized capital is in comparison to the issued capital?

You can use the total number of authorized shares and divide that by the total number of shares that are outstanding.


What is the difference between authorized capital and issued capital?

It’s a number that shows how many shares a company has authorized to sell times the number that was issued. 




Today we’ll be talking about the difference between the legal and the capital of a company. 


Capital is the money that is put into a company by shareholders and suppliers. The authorized capital refers to the amount of money that is authorized for the company to raise from investors and suppliers.


 Authorized capital includes shares of stocks and shares of the company. Issued capital refers to the total number of shares of stocks and shares of the company that have been issued. 


Even though a company’s authorized capital is a limit on its fundraising, it does not represent a limit on the company’s liability. The liability is the responsibility that a company has to repay debts, settle claims, or meet any other financial obligations. 


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *